Download e-book for kindle: Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic by Claude Hagége

By Claude Hagége

This pioneering research relies on an research of over 2 hundred languages, together with African, Amerindian, Australian, Austronesian, Indo-European and Eurasian (Altaic, Caucasian, Chukotko-Kamchatkan, Dravidian, Uralic), Papuan, and Sino-Tibetan. Adpositions are a nearly common a part of speech. English has prepositions; a few languages, akin to jap, have postpositions; others have either; and but others types that aren't fairly both. As grammatical instruments they mark the connection among elements of a sentence: frequently one point governs a noun or noun-like observe or word whereas the opposite features as a predicate. From the syntactic viewpoint, the supplement of an adposition is dependent upon a head: during this final sentence, for instance, a head is the supplement of on whereas on a head relies on depends and on is the marker of this dependency. Adpositions lie on the middle of the grammar of so much languages, their usefulness making them recurrent in daily speech and writing. Claude Hagege examines their morphological beneficial properties, syntactic capabilities, and semantic and cognitive houses. He does so for the subsets either one of adpositions that categorical the kin of agent, sufferer, and beneficiary, and of these which mark house, time, accompaniment, or device. Adpositions usually govern case and are often steadily grammaticalized into case. the writer considers the full set of functionality markers, together with case, that seem as adpositions and, in doing so, throws mild on procedures of morphological and syntactic switch in numerous languages and language households. His ebook may be welcomed by means of typologists and by way of syntacticians and morphologists of all theoretical stripes.

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Adpositions (Oxford Studies in Typology and Linguistic Theory) by Claude Hagége

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